EU Presidency Statement - United Nations ECOSOC: Forum for Cooperation and Development
Sumario: 1 July 2008, New York - Statement by Jean-Maurice RIPERT, Ambassador, Permanent Representative of France, on behalf of the European Union, United Nations Economic and Social Council High-Level Segment: Forum for Cooperation and Development - Special political dialogue, "Aid effectiveness agenda : towards consensus at Accra and Doha."
The UE strives for making 2008 a watershed year in the collective efforts undertaken to fight against poverty and to implement the Millennium Development Goals.
The theme of our dialogue on aid effectiveness covers the main issues relating to:
- The effective contribution of aid towards the eradication of poverty in developing countries (impact)
- The capacity of donor and recipient countries to meet intermediary goals and collaboratively set targets (effectiveness)
- The use of low-cost resources (efficiency)
- The optimal allocation of aid on a geographical and sector basis (relevancy).
The adoption of the Paris Declaration in 2005 represented a major step internationally towards improving aid effectiveness. It is therefore not surprising that 118 Member States of the United Nations have adopted this Declaration
Nevertheless, the current situation calls for moving beyond this stage and for taking into consideration the following new factors:
- The ascendancy of new donors (emerging countries, vertical funds, private foundations and civil society organizations), which offer new opportunities for beneficiary countries, but, which by multiplying the number of sources and the channels of aid transmission, create a risk of fragmentation or redundant credit allocations
- The discrepancy between the needs of countries and current aid allocation, which is highly concentrated and follows different lines of reasoning
- The lack of previsibilty of ODA
Several key themes have guided our thinking:
- The importance of strengthening national capacity, the backbone of effective aid, which fulfils the principle of ownership and leadership of beneficiary countries.
- The necessity to rethink aid allocation taking into account the on-going transformations of the aid architecture. The extreme diversity of beneficiary countries prohibits a one-size-fits-all aid implementation model.
- The indispensable use of a wider array of instruments in accordance with the situations of beneficiary countries.
The Road to Accra is inclusive and based on partnership. Partner countries are actively engaging in the preparation for this event. The UE seriously take into consideration the concerns expressed by its partners regarding aid efficiency.
As the world's largest donor for development assistance, the European Union reaffirms its commitment to provide more, better and faster aid and to improve the effectiveness of its development aid:
- The European Union strongly reaffirms its commitment to achieve a collective ODA target of 0.56% GNI by 2010 and 0.7% GNI by 2015. Various Member-States have established, or are to establish, multi-year timetables to reach these targets.
- In the context of the meeting in Accra, the EU will undertake radical reforms to improve aid effectiveness, building on the Paris declaration on aid effectiveness, the European consensus on development and the code of conduct on complementarity and division of labour, which is implemented together with partners, by focusing on the following areas identified by partner countries: the division of labour among the donor countries, the predictability of aid, enhanced use of country systems and
mutual accountability in order to achieve development goals. The EU will further engage with all partners concerned, civil society and local stakeholders to ensure transparency, strengthen democratic ownership and ultimately increase the impact of the aid. For implementation, the starting point is partner country ownership and close cooperation among all donors, with the EU as a possible catalyst.
- The European Union will continue to advocate cross-cutting issues on the development agenda: human rights, democracy, democratic governance, gender equality and environmental sustainability
- It will continue to improve the policy coherence for development (PCD) in the 12 areas identified, ensuring furthermore that policy coherence for development principles are part of the international agenda for the MDGs and aid effectiveness.
- The EU underlines the importance of stable, multi-annual predictable ODA. The EU also reiterates the need to further develop and implement innovative sources of financing in order to increase predictability and sustainability of financial flows, and encourages efforts to find new innovative sources and systems (§ 36 ccls GAERC).
The EU is in favour of adopting an ambitious action-oriented Accra Agenda for Action.
The UE underscores the importance of safeguarding the integrity of the Monterrey Consensus which reflects in a balanced manner the overarching stakes regarding financing for development. The EU is deeply attached to its implementation and will continue playing an active and positive role in the Global Partnership set up in Monterrey with a view to reaching internationally-agreed development goals, including the MDGs.
The EU reaffirm its commitment to give a clear response to concerns raised by its partners and remains mobilized to contribute and attentive to its partners, so that the Accra and Doha meetings are successes for development.
I thank you for your attention.
- Ref: PRES08-204EN
- Fuente UE: Presidencia de la UE
- Foro NU: ECOSOC (Consejo Económico y Social), (Comisiones funcionales incluidas)
- Fecha: 1/7/2008
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