Sumario: 19 November 2009, New York - Explanation of Vote on behalf of the European Union by the Permanent Mission of Sweden to the United Nations, 64th Session of the General Assembly Third Committee, draft resolution L.47/Rev.1 GA64: The Right to Development
I have the honour to deliver the following explanation of vote on the resolution entitled 'The Right to Development' on behalf of the European Union.
The EU remains fully committed to the realization of the right to development of each and every individual, as stated in the Vienna Declaration and the Programme of Action, adopted by the World Conference on Human Rights in 1993.
The EU believes that the right to development is an integral part of fundamental human rights and the lack of development may not be invoked to justify the abridgement of internationally recognized human rights. The EU will continue to play an active role in implementation of the right to development through the establishment of partnerships, support of programmes, and engagement in dialogue at national and international level.
The EU has clearly demonstrated that it has comprehended the scale and importance of the right to development. It is the largest provider of development aid, to third states, in the world. Never the less, the EU would like to stress that it is the primary responsibility of States to create the conditions for the realization of the right to development, while acknowledging that national development efforts need to be supported by an enabling international economic environment, as stated in the Monterey Consensus. It is also our understanding that human rights instruments address the obligation of the state to its citizens and not responsibilities between states.
Since the definition of the right to development is ever changing and in certain aspects is shrouded in ambiguity, it is a long standing position of the EU that the open-ended work of the High Level Task Force and the Working Group on the right to development does not imply a process leading to an international legal standard of a binding nature.
The EU would like to reiterate its willingness to continue to collaborate with the Working Group on the right to development and the HLTF. It is our firm position that the mandate of the HLTF should be extended in order for it to complete its work.
The EU has engaged constructively in the negotiations in the Third Committee and put forward suggestions that, in our view, would balance the text before us and allow us to reach a broader consensus, in line with last year's GA resolution, A/RES/63/178. However, the EU's major concerns have not been taken into consideration and the main sponsor has chosen to include references from past contentious resolutions, which is not acceptable to the EU.
Our perception is that the fulfilment of the right to development must evolve on a consensual basis, avoiding politicization and be primarily built upon the promotion and respect for civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights.
The EU would further suggest that the NAM considers a procedural resolution on the right to development in the GA in order to keep the focus and momentum on the right to development in Geneva where the High Commissioner for Human Rights presented a report on the right to development at the past 12th regular session and the other mandates are also conducting their work.
Mr Chairperson, I thank you.