Sommaire: 12 November 2007, Brussels - Speech by Benita Ferrero-Waldner, European Commissioner for External Relations and European Neighbourhood Policy, "From Early Warning to Early Action: developing the EU's response to crisis and longer-term threats", at the Conference "From Early Warning to Early Action: developing the EU's response to crisis and longer-term threats"
Ladies and Gentlemen,
I would like to warmly welcome you to this conference on crisis response. I am delighted such a distinguished group of participants have been able to join us today, and I would particularly like to thank our two keynote speakers, Johan Galtung and President Martti Ahtisaari, as well as Ambassador Carlos Pais, representing the Presidency. But my thanks also go to all our speakers and participants; this is such an important topic and it is essential that all of us involved have these opportunities to share experience and learn from one another.
Today's world is characterised by more conflict than ever before; last year 118 violent conflicts wreaked destruction around the globe. Not all raged with the same ferocity; but they were nevertheless united by one fundamental issue: their capacity to destroy human life.
As the Talmud puts it, "Whoever saves one life, saves the world entire".
It is that simple truth which should guide us as we enter these discussions today, together with our recognition of the fundamental responsibility we share to protect human life and to promote human security.
Another characteristic of today's world is the vast array of information sources and tools at our disposal. But, referring to the title of this conference, does that capacity for early warning translate into early action?
Too often it does not. And that is simply unacceptable in this ever more globalised and sophisticated world.
Today's conference is part of the European Commission's response. We want to use this occasion to look at how the EU can better react to crises and conflicts. And we want your active guidance as to the future focus of our activities.
The European Union has a comprehensive range of tools at its disposal for crisis management. To maximise their impact we must ensure that at every stage, from planning to the final stages of implementation, Member States, Council Secretariat and Commission work closely together. We have to focus on ensuring all instruments, not only our rapid reaction programmes but also our long term development assistance, humanitarian assistance and ESDP rule of law, police and military missions, are carefully coordinated and complementary.
I am therefore particularly happy that so many speakers from the Council Secretariat are making a contribution to this event.
This conference builds on one held here two years ago, which President Ahtisaari co-hosted with us. Since then we have launched a number of initiatives to further develop our crisis response.
Certainly one of the most innovative developments over the last two years has been our new financing mechanism for crisis management and conflict prevention, the Instrument for Stability.
Here I should pay tribute to the European Parliament for its invaluable support in enabling this instrument to see the light of day. It gives the EU's crisis response capacities an important boost. On the financial side it more than quadruples our assistance, from 30 to €140 million this year alone. We have established efficient methods for exchanging information with Member States about our activities via the Council's Political and Security Committee.
The Stability Instrument enables us to fund a wider range of activities than ever before: on the one hand in a range of areas under the broad heading of crisis response and preparedness; and on the other under the heading of long-term trans-regional threats to stability, including non-proliferation, protecting critical infrastructure and tackling major public health threats.
As a result we can now respond more flexibly and rapidly to a major new political crisis or natural disaster; to shore up peace-building processes; and to ensure development needs are addressed from the start by getting children back to school and re-opening health and other local public services.
To illustrate the complementarity of the EU's crisis response mechanisms, let me mention the forthcoming ESDP mission to Chad. The Commission and Council Secretariat cooperated from the beginning of the planning process, and undertook a joint information gathering mission together with civilian and military staff and the Presidency. The result is a package of EU and EC activities bringing to bear a wide range of EU instruments. The ESDP mission will be complemented by money from the Stability Instrument for training and equipping 850 Chadian Police Officers. They will then be deployed in refugee and IDP camps in Eastern Chad. We hope this will play an important role in securing and stabilising the neighbourhood of Sudan/Darfur. We are also considering additional support, for example funding a population census in Chad to lay the groundwork for future elections.
In Afghanistan the EU is intensifying its efforts to develop a democratic, secure and sustainable Afghan state. Central to that objective is promoting the rule of law, and the Commission has therefore been supporting the payment of police salaries while developing a strategic reform programme for the justice sector and a system of legal aid. All this has been carefully coordinated through joint exploratory missions of the Commission, Council Secretariat and Member States.
We have also been fully involved in the EU's evolving response to the deteriorating security situation in Lebanon. Again, joint planning missions have led to a number of common projects designed to strengthen the country's security sector. We are working closely with the German government on a project for integrated border management, enabling the Lebanese authorities to better control and secure their border with Syria. And we are providing senior police experts to the Lebanese police service, building their capacity for maintaining law and order.
All over the world, from Georgia to Burma, from the DRC to Peru, we are working to tackle ongoing crises and prevent future conflict. An important focus of our work in the coming period will be Kosovo. We are engaged in intense planning activities for what we hope will be a smooth transition to its future status.
Ladies and Gentlemen,
Another innovative element of the Stability Instrument is the Peacebuilding Partnership, which you will discuss at greater length later today. We are launching the first call for expressions of interest to participate in this scheme, and I hope many of you will choose to do so. We are convinced that the most sustainable approach to resolving conflict is to ensure all partners are involved. We also recognise the deep reserve of technical expertise held by organisations such as those represented here today.
We will set up a broad-based network of specialised European NGOs with expertise in early warning, conflict prevention, peacebuilding, post-conflict and post-disaster recovery. But it also means strengthening our cooperation with Member States' aid agencies, the UN and other relevant organisations. Some financial support will be available for capacity building and the roster of NGOs we establish will give us a readily accessible pool of experts to rapidly mobilise support for any given situation.
We are very excited by the possibility for more collaborative working practises. We hope to build upon the existing capacity amongst our implementing partners, as well as provide innovative mechanisms to deploy these skills in crisis situations.
But the Stability Instrument is not the only way we have been consolidating the EU's crisis response. You may be familiar with the Barnier report which took a thorough and critical look at the EU's crisis response mechanisms and offered a number of recommendations, several of which we have already begun to implement. Of particular importance to me are consular protection, about which the Commission will publish a Communication later this year, and enhanced coordination of humanitarian aid and civil protection. I want the Commission delegations to play a constructive role in these areas.
In addition, last month we released a Communication on the EU's response to situations of fragility, looking at the specific requirements of contexts where institutional capacity is very limited. In such circumstances there is a particular onus on donors to take a whole-of-government approach and ensure development assistance is conflict sensitive. This Communication is complemented by a joint Commission-Council Secretariat paper on security and development to be endorsed by the External Relations Council in November.
Ladies and Gentlemen,
I hope in years to come we will no longer speak of forgotten emergencies. Because they won't exist.
And we will play our part in banishing them.
We are determined to shoulder our responsibility and ensure that the EU lives up to its ambitious goals for global security.
Yet we are conscious we cannot do that alone. This conference is our opportunity to broaden our horizons and harness your contribution to our future work. I look forward to your feedback and guidance, and to consolidating the collaborative partnerships so necessary to an effective response.
You have a dense programme of discussions for the coming two days, and I shall be particularly interested to hear your recommendations to us. How we can make more use of "track 2" diplomacy? How can we better use technologies, science and research to strengthen our response? And how can we tap into the vast experience and knowledge of civil society, think tanks and political institutes?
Through your detailed analysis of specific situations I hope there will be some important lessons for us all.
We have ambitious ideas for the future and I am convinced that the EU will become an ever more powerful force for the good in tackling the world's trouble spots. But we are also conscious that will only be possible through widespread cooperation with others; for that reason once again I offer you my wholehearted welcome to Brussels and to this highly important conference.